Answers and Explanations
We are only five There are five of us on our team.
We say there are five of us, there are seven of them, there are three of you, etc. We don’t normally say
We are five, they are seven, etc.
There are five of us working on this project.
We are five working on this project.
There are six of you in your department, correct?
You are six in your department, correct?
2. I would rather
to work from home than come to the office.
After rather, we use the base form of the verb (I’d rather go/work/eat/see, etc.).
3. We’re used to
have having a lot of work to do, so meeting the deadline won’t be a problem.
To talk about something that someone is accustomed to doing, we use the following formula:
Subject + verb to be + used to + gerund
I’m used to getting up early, so I don’t mind coming in at 7 a.m.
I’m used to get up early, so I don’t mind coming in at 7 a.m.
She’s not used to speaking English on the phone, so it sometimes makes her nervous.
She’s not used to speak English on the phone, so it sometimes makes her nervous.
Note that we often use this grammatical structure to talk about why something is (or isn’t) a problem.
4. My client sent me an email but I haven’t replied
We use reply without an object or followed by “to” + what/who we are replying to.
I received an invitation from John, but I haven’t replied yet.
I received an invitation from John, but I haven’t replied him yet.
I haven’t replied to his email yet.
I haven’t replied his email yet.
Note that the same rule applies to the verb respond.
Maybe I’m going to I might finish this today.
We don’t use
Maybe + subject + I’m going to to communicate a future possibility. Instead, we use might and the base form of the verb.
She might go to the meeting.
Maybe she’s going to go to the meeting.
They might not finish the project on time.
Maybe they’re not going to finish the project on time.
Note that we can also use Maybe +subject + will + base form to communicate a future possibility that the speaker is thinking about at the moment of speaking. Maybe I’ll watch the game tonight, for example.
borrow lend me your badge so I can get into the storage closet.
The person who owns the item lends it, and the person who uses the item for a short period of time borrows it.
7. I can’t finish this by the end of the day.
Even though Even if I spend all day on it, I won’t finish on time.
We use even though or although for something that is true. We use even if to talk about a hypothetical condition.
We’re going to the beach tomorrow even if it rains. (hypothetical condition)
We’re going to the beach tomorrow even though it rains.
Even though it rained, we had a great time at the beach. (something that is true)
Even if it rained, we had a great time at the beach.
Probably, I’ll probably go to the beach on Saturday.
Probably typically goes before the main verb or after the verb to be.
Note that the negative would be I probably won’t go to the beach on Saturday.
9. The Old Man and the Sea was written
for by Ernest Hemingway.
In the passive voice, we use by to talk about who created something (a painting, a book, a story, etc.).
10. Our office is near
to the airport, so it will be easy for you to get here.
We say close to or near, but not
11. We have
many stuffs a lot of stuff to do this week, so I don’t know if I can go to English class.
Stuff has no plural form. It is a non-count noun.
Despite Even though/Although I was tired, I came to work today.
We use despite/in spite of before a noun or gerund. We use even though/although before a subject and a verb.
Despite being sick, I came to work.
In spite of being sick, I came to work.
Despite I was sick, I came to work.
In spite of I was sick, I came to work.
Although I was sick, I came to work.
Even though I was sick, I came to work.
Although being sick, I came to work.
Even though my sickness, I came to work.
13. If we had a gym here, I
can could work out after work.
This is an unreal conditional (also called the second conditional). We use the unreal conditional to talk about hypothetical or unreal situations in the present or future. For more information, see this guide to conditionals.
14. I always try to do things very
careful carefully and make sure I do them correct correctly. (two mistakes)
In this sentence, we need to use adverbs instead of adjectives because we are modifying a verb.
15. We have people from all over the world here: India, the United States, Venezuela, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. (two mistakes)
We use the in the names of certain countries:
the United States
the United Kingdom
the Czech Republic
the Dominican Republic
the United Arab Emirates
General rules for when we use the in the name of a country:
a. if the country or area is a collection of islands (the Maldives, the Canary Islands).
b. If we are using the complete name of the country with the word “of.” The People’s Republic of China, for example.
16. Are we going to have to work overtime again this week? I hope
The expression is I hope not, not
I hope no.
17. Yesterday, he told me that he
will would send the email after lunch, but he didn’t do it.
In reported speech, will becomes would or was/were going to.
On my first day, they told me that we would have orientation at the end of my first week.
On my first day, they told me that we were going to have orientation at the end of my first week.
On my first day, they told me that we will have orientation at the end of my first week.
On my first day, they told me that we are going to have orientation at the end of my first week.
18. My schedule often changes, but I normally work
since from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
For schedules, we use from….to….
19. I thought you were still with Microsoft. When did you stop
to work working there?
We use stop + gerund to communicate that an action has finished.
I stopped working at 6 p.m. last night.
I stopped to work at 6 p.m. last night.
We use stop + infinitive to communicate that we stopped one action in order to start another action.
I was working this morning, but I stopped to run some errands.
I was working this morning, but I stopped running some errands.
20. I’m not
pretty sure about what we should do.
We don’t use pretty sure in the negative. We can say I’m pretty sure, but
I’m not pretty sure is incorrect.
21. How long
time did you work in the public sector?
We say How long… for questions about duration of time, not
How long time…
22. Do you know where
is the restaurant the restaurant is?
After expressions like Do you know…, Could you tell me,.. and I was wondering if… we use statement order, not question order. These are called indirect questions.
Could you tell me what time it is?
Could you tell me what time is it?
Do you know who she is?
Do you know who is she?
He is well-experienced He has a lot of experience, so we know that he can do the job.
We can’t use well before all adjectives. Sometimes it works (well-paid, well-educated), but sometimes it does not (
24. Who is in charge
to decide of deciding which printer to buy?
We say in charge of + gerund.
25. I had a hard time getting in touch with my supervisor. After calling for hours, I finally
could was able get in touch with her.
We use was/were able to to talk about one successful event in the past. We use could or was/were able to to talk about what was generally possible in the past.
We were able to outbid out competitors. (we outbid them and won the contract)
We could outbid our competitors. (incorrect if we are talking about one successful event in the past)
When I was younger I could work out every day. (generally possible in the past = was/were able to or could)
When I was younger, I was able to work out every day. (generally possible in the past = was/were able to or could)
Note that in the negative form we can use both forms.
We weren’t able to outbid our competitors.
We couldn’t outbid our competitors.
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